GHENOVA, GASNAM and the Movea Plan
The services and technological solutions of GHENOVA for natural gas industry range from engineering of production facilities to logistics, including supply vessels design. GHENOVA, as member of GASNAM --Iberian Association for Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)-- fosters now the launch of Movea Plan. This plan is a Government of Spain’s initiative to promote vehicles powered by green fuels.
GASNAM and the Movea PlanSource: GASNAM
Natural gas as fuel is the only alternative to oil-based fuels, and capable of meeting all needs of road transport. Compressed natural gas (CNG) is used for private cars, taxis, vans as well as heavy urban vehicles in passenger transport and waste collection. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the only real alternative for trucks and long-distance coaches. It is also an alternative for non-electrified railway lines and shipping.
Today, natural gas is the fuel most used in the world as an alternative to petroleum, both in volume and the quantity of energy consumed, and in Spain it is the number one alternative fuel as well. Spanish natural gas vehicles (NGVs), estimated at 5,000 units of which the vast majority are heavy-duty vehicles, annually consume 1,380 GW.h of energy, equivalent to 113,000 tons of oil derivatives. The energy provided by natural gas used as a fuel in Spain is more than double that from other refinery gases.
The conclusions of the recent meeting in Paris on climate change oblige all countries to reduce their CO2 emissions in the coming years. In addition to heavily reduced emissions of harmful pollutants - zero emission of NO2 and negligible amounts of particle matter - natural gas is also a vital asset in reducing CO2 in transport. Running vehicles on natural gas reduces CO2 emissions and reduction increases significantly when biomethane from renewable sources is used as in case of the Valdemingómez plant in Madrid, Europe’s first facility to produce biomethane from urban waste. Natural gas and biomethane are the same hydrocarbon - methane - and therefore the possibility of mixed use is immediate. The biomethane injected into Madrid’s natural gas network by the Valdemingómez plant directly helps to substantially reduce CO2 emissions of city buses and refuse trucks.
The Spanish government has recently launched the subsidy programme Plan MOVEA (Mobility with Alternative Vehicles) which aims to encourage the purchase of alternatively fuelled vehicles by 2020. Vehicles powered by natural gas and electricity, the only real alternative fuels available today, receive the biggest amount of the aids of the MOVEA programme. Among the alternative fuels, Natural gas vehicles receive the biggest budget with 2,000,000 €.
The purchase of cars that run on natural gas will have a € 3,000 grant from the government, to which another 1,000 € is added by dealers. For vans and light trucks aids will range between 3,500 € and 6,500 € depending on the vehicle size. Buses and trucks, always depending on the maximum permissible weight, will receive subsidies of 11,000 € to 21,000 €. The grants of the MOVEA Plan are all compatible with aids available at regional level.
The major vehicle brands associated with GASNAM, Iveco, Volvo, MAN, Renault and Scania, have various models of buses and trucks running on CNG and LNG in their product range. Regarding passenger cars, SEAT has the León TGI and the Mii EcoFuel running on natural gas, which proved the most economical in terms of consumption in the Spanish market. The Mii Ecofuel was recently voted "Green Car of the Year" in Finland, the first time a natural gas car wins the prize. It should also be noted that the Opel Zafira Tourer 1.6 CNG ecoFLEX was again the greenest family van of Germany, according to the institute Ökotrend and the magazine Auto Test, which awarded it with the "Auto Test Winner in Green".
The Iberian Peninsula has a privileged position in Europe when it comes to natural gas, counting 8 LNG terminals with a capacity to supply natural gas from the south to Central Europe as an alternative to supplies via Russian gas pipelines. Spain is also being considered as a preferred destination for Iranian gas exports which are expected to start in the medium term.
The development plan for supply points of CNG and LNG that governments must implement in response to the European Directive on Alternative Fuel Infrastructure is underway with our association collaborating directly with the related ministries of Spain and Portugal.
Growth estimates for the Spanish NGV fleet are very high, with a forecast of 4,000 units powered by LNG and 36,000 by CNG in 2025. In the United States estimations predict that in 10-15 years 37% of long distance trucks and buses will work with LNG.
GASNAM approved at its last board to accept partners from other European countries in response to requests received. After only two and a half years in existence, GASNAM already has 88 members.